What is Predictive Testing?
This section is intended to help the individual considering testing for HD reflect on some of the issues involved in testing and in dealing with the test results.
Family, friends and professional support people may also find this material useful in supporting those considering testing.
In 1983, genetic markers closely linked to the Huntington disease (HD) gene were identified. This discovery, together with the identification of additional genetic markers, led to the development of predictive testing programs for HD. Problems with this approach included some inaccuracy as it was not possible to test directly for the presence or absence of the genetic defect underlying HD.
In March, 1993, the gene causing Huntington disease was identified. This means that individuals at risk for HD can now be directly tested to “predict” who will develop this disease. The same test may be used to confirm the presence of the gene that causes HD in individuals already exhibiting clinical symptoms of the disease, especially when the family history is sketchy or unknown.
For some, this test will provide much desired information about their future. Others will choose not to undergo testing. There are no right or wrong choices. It is important, however, that the person who is thinking about being tested make an informed choice.
There are many other online websites and resources which provide information regarding HD in general, support groups in your area, research updates and opportunities to be involved in clinical trials.
We understand that learning that someone in your family has HD can be devastating. It can leave you with questions, concerns, and no idea where to turn next. Find about more about what others have done in your situation – you are not alone.
Family and Friends
Finding out that your loved one has HD, or may develop it in the future is incredibly hard. You may feel concern, shock and anxiety but at the same time want to help and support your loved one.
Learning more about the condition and the testing process can help you understand and prepare for what HD means for both of you now and in the future.